Prostate cancer currently affects the lives of millions of American men and their loved ones. Each year in the United States, more than 200,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer and over 25,000 die of this disease. These numbers rival those for breast cancer in women, yet education lags far behind.
ProstAware and the Georgia Prostate Cancer Coalition have collectively evaluated the findings of the American Urological Association, the American Cancer Society, the Large Urology Group Practice Association, and the leading minds in the fields of urology, medical oncology, and radiation oncology. Based on this information, we recommend the following screening for the prostate:
- Starting at age 40, all men should learn how to reduce their individualized risk of dying from prostate cancer.
- All men should have a baseline screening at age 40.
- Screening includes a simple blood test (PSA, or Prostate-specific Antigen) and a digital rectal exam.
- Subsequent screening should be performed yearly for any male with the risk factors listed below.
Risk factors for prostate cancer include the following:
- Family history of prostate cancer
- African-American race
- PSA blood test that is higher than expected for one’s age
- A rising PSA blood test, even if level is within normal range
- Increasing age
Our goal is to detect prostate cancer prior to development of any symptoms. However, you should alert your physician if any of the following symptoms occur:
- Slow or frequent urinary stream
- Painful urination
- Blood in the urine
- Pain or blood with ejaculation